When a loved one dies, most people go through a period of intense grieving and heightened emotions. If you were named as the Executor of the estate in a decedent’s Last Will and Testament, or you have volunteered to handle the administration of the estate because the decedent died intestate, you will have to find a way to manage both your emotional response to your loss and the practical duties and responsibilities you have taken on during the probate process. The Phoenix, Arizona estate planning attorneys at Morris Hall PLLC understand the difficult position you are in as you try to navigate a legal system with which you are likely unfamiliar. To help you, we have compiled some probate resources that should come in handy as you oversee the probate of the estate.
Probate is the legal process that is typically required after someone dies. Probate serves several important functions, including authenticating the decedent’s Will, providing a legal framework within which the decedent’s assets are transferred to the new owners, and ensuring that all creditors of the estate, including tax authorities, are paid. If the decedent died “testate,” meaning the decedent executed a Last Will and Testament prior to death, you might be named as the Executor of the estate. If the decedent died “intestate,” or without leaving behind a Will, you might volunteer to be the Personal Representative (PR) of the estate. To avoid confusion, the term Personal Representative (PR) is typically used to refer either to an Executor appointed by the decedent or someone who volunteers for the job in an intestate estate. For more general information on the probate process, “The Probate Process” section of the American Bar Association’s website may be helpful as is the “Probate” section of the Arizona Courts website.
Resources for the Pro Se Executor
The probate of an estate usually occurs in the county in which the decedent was a resident at the time of his/her death. If the decedent was a resident of Phoenix, the probate will be filed in Maricopa County. That means you will be in the Superior Court of Maricopa County. Probating an estate often involves complex legal and financial issues with which the average person is unfamiliar. Consequently, most PRs retain the services of an experienced estate planning attorney to help them through the probate process. If you decide to proceed pro se, or without an attorney, however, you will need to learn court procedures and rules as well as educate yourself in more depth about the probate process to ensure that you do not make costly mistakes. The Arizona Rules of Probate Procedure can be found on the Westlaw website. The Arizona Courts website also has a “Resources” section that may provide you with additional assistance. Finally, forms you will likely need during your time as a PR may be available on the Forms section of the Arizona Courts Self-Help website.
Resources for Finding an Attorney
If you decide to retain an attorney, you might start with the American Academy of Estate Planning Attorneys website. The AAEPA is a national organization of attorneys who have chosen to focus their practice on legal issues related to wills, trusts, and estates. Membership in the AAEPA signifies that an attorney has proven experience in the areas of estate planning and/or elder law. The State Bar of Arizona’s Lawyer “Find a Lawyer” section is another good resource for locating an experienced estate planning attorney to help you.
Resources for All Executors
As the PR of the estate, you will need to obtain several certified copies of the decedent’s death certificate. In the State of Arizona, you may obtain certified death certificates from the Arizona Department of Health Services. Another duty you will have as the PR is to ensure that you have identified all assets owned by the decedent. The Maricopa County Assessor’s Office is a good place to start your search for any real property owned by the decedent at the time of death. Yet another duty of the PR is to notify creditors of the estate that probate is underway. To ensure that unknown creditors also have a chance to file a claim, you will need to publish notice of the probate of the estate. The Arizona Courts Self-Help website offers a publication entitled “Procedures: How to Serve Legal Papers by Publication” that explains what you must do to fulfill this obligation.
Resources for Calculating and Paying Taxes
Every estate is potentially subject to federal gift and estate taxes. As the Personal Representative of the estate, you must prepare an estate tax return and determine if the estate owes any federal taxes. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) website offers a general overview of the federal estate tax. They also have a “Frequently Asked Questions about Estate Tax” section that may be helpful. If the estate does, indeed, owe federal gift and estate taxes, those taxes must be paid before any assets are transferred out of the estate. Arizona does not impose a state-level estate or inheritance tax.
If you have additional questions or concerns about fulfilling your role as Personal Representative, or about the probate process in general, contact an experienced estate planning attorney at Morris Hall PLLC by calling 888-222-1328 to schedule your appointment today.